Studies by road authorities, universities and other groups investigating driver and pedestrian behaviour, generally conclude that in-pavement warning lights are more likley to elicit appropriate changes in behaviour, thereby helping to avoid accidents, than road-side or over-road static (unlit) or flashing signs.
A selection of published articles addressing the use of simialr systems appears below.
|"Pedestrian Crosswalk Safety: Evaluating In-Pavement, Flashing Warning Lights"||Peter Boyce, Ph.D. and John Van Derlofske, Ph.D.
Lighting Research Center
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
|"Evaluation of in-pavement Flashing Lights on a Six-lane Arterial Pedestrian Crossing"||Panos D. Prevedouros, Ph.D.|
|"An Evaluation of a Crosswalk Warning System Utilizing In-Pavement Flashing Lights"||State of California Office of Traffic Safety|